"There is no evidence of genuine repentance unless it works reformation. If he restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, confess his sins, and love God and his fellow men, the sinner may be sure that he has found peace with God. Such were the effects that in former years followed seasons of religious awakening. Judged by their fruits, they were known to be blessed of God in the salvation of men and the uplifting of humanity."
Revival, real revival, is the heart-cry of Christians all over the world. Instinctively, we know that God wants to bring revival into our personal lives, into our families, into our churches, and into our communities. Yet revival tarries in spite of the desires of God's children! The first revival in history occurred on the day of Pentecost, and scores of people took notice of God's work in the life of His people, and thousands joined them. Where before there had been timid efforts for God, and often mistakes were made, as a result of tarrying and waiting for the descent of the Holy Spirit, in a moment they became knowledgeable and fearless these early believers became effective, community-changing, witnesses. Down through the centuries since, as individuals here and there have joined others in seeking God, God has graciously honored their prayers, and taken control of them and their situations, empowered them to become knowledgeable and fearless witnesses, and time and again scores of people have been swept into a more abundant, fruit-filled, relationship with God as a result of the flood-tide movings of His Holy Spirit.
Sadly, in our day, as a result of complacency—we are all guilty!—lack of knowledge, questions whether God can do it again, many of us are going on without receiving the precious gift of the Holy Spirit, and the God-promised revival that is bound to accompany the Holy Spirit's descent. This would be akin to getting into our showers in the morning, turning on the faucet and not getting any water, and deciding it was okay to have a shower without water. If this went on for a few days, we would start smelling pretty bad and people would avoid us. I say this gently, but I think many of us Christians are rather "smelly" because of the lack of seeking and receiving this spiritual refreshing, and the people in the world around us are finding a "foul" aroma instead of a sweet one.
I try to add revival quotes on an ongoing basis. I am continually reading on the subject and keep notes from the reading. As I find good quotes, I plan to share some of them here. Read more daily revival quotes here:
This reading comprises a letter included as an appendix in William Sprague's Lectures on Revival. I include it because it was written by a pastor who enjoyed many seasons of revival in his church and used all the right means. Accordingly you read how a church prepared for, enjoyed and sustained revival. I was blessed reading this and I think you will too.
This is Finney's personal recollections of his revival ministry.
"They requested me to go out (to Evans' Mill) and preach. I consented; and the first time I preached I took this text: “Without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” The settlement turned out en masse; and the schoolhouse where they worshipped was filled to its utmost capacity. They could understand English well. I began by showing, what holiness is not. Under this head I took everything that they considered to be religion, and showed that it was not holiness at all. In the second place I showed what holiness is. I then showed, thirdly, what is intended by seeing the Lord; and then, why those that had no holiness could never see the Lord—why they could never be admitted to His presence, and be accepted of Him. I then concluded with such pointed remarks as were intended to make the subject go home. And it did go home by the power of the Holy Ghost. The sword of the Lord slew them on the right hand and on the left. In a very few days it was found that the whole settlement was under conviction; elders of the church and all were in the greatest consternation, feeling that they had no holiness. At their request I appointed a meeting for inquiry, to give instruction to inquirers. This was in their harvest time. I held the meeting at one o’clock in the afternoon, and found the house literally packed. People had thrown down the implements with which they were gathering their harvest, and had come into the meeting. As many were assembled as could be packed in the house. I took a position in the center of the house, as I could not move around among them; and asked them questions, and encouraged them to ask questions. They became very much interested, and were very free in asking questions, and in answering the questions which I asked them. I seldom ever attended a more interesting or proï¬table meeting than that...."
"There was a succession of addresses on the work of the Holy Spirit in converting, in purifying, in strengthening, in enlightening, in giving joy and hope. All day Sunday the Spirit was working in our midst with great power. Old roots of bitterness were being pulled up and committed to the Lord to burn up with His purifying ﬁre. Many public confessions—sharp, clear and with a broken heart—were made, and yet more were made in private. Lurking sins that had been excused by easy consciences now assumed large proportions, as they were seen to stand across the way of hearty approach in to the divine presence."
"Our duty is to protest and ﬁght against a religion of mere forms and ceremonies; of mere formula and notions; of mere ideas (as though the idea of bread could be a substitute for bread, or the idea of Christ a substitute for Christ); of mere poetry and mythology. Our duty is to hold fast and to hold forth a religion of fact, of redemption, of grace, of faith, of strength Divine; a religion at once real and supernatural all the way through. In order to do this effectually, we must cultivate retirement, prayer, fellowship with our Lord Jesus Christ Himself” (2 These. ii. 16), familiarity with the Scriptures, submission to their teaching, love to man as well as love to God." Read the entire sermon
"In our seeker-driven mindset, we are more worried about offending visitors than offending God. We are more concerned about people “feeling good” than about their “being right.” We want people to leave feeling good about church, about us, and about themselves--never mind that they have grossly offended a holy God and are under His condemnation and wrath!" Read more from Nancy DeMoss....
"There are too many of us today, I am sure, piling up the wood and kindling. We pile it all up, just right, exactly correct. But, oh, that God might set us on fire! We need the fire. Someone says, Well, you have to be careful about emotionalism. Not in our church! Not now! You know, and I know, that some churches are so cold that you could skate down the center aisle. You know that. But why is it? It is our fault-it is my fault; it is your fault. I believe that when we are on fire little churches that are getting smaller every year-fifteen members this year, fourteen next, nine next-dying off--are going to begin to grow. They are going to catch fire. And those people who have been watching are going to come with us when they see the Lord is with us, putting away the idols, kindling the fire on the altar, and great congregations meeting to seek God." Read the rest of the sermon...
This section considers how revival can be promoted. Key points are believing in revival, praying for revival, and working for it through directly inviting people to attend revival meetings.
John Mecredy: A Letter from the Ulster Revival
Mecredy shares how God brought a marvelous revival to his Irish congregation through united praying, learning about how God was bringing revivals in other countries, honest confessions and earnestly seeking the Holy Spirit. Read Mecredy's article and learn all the detail
Further, we have a Man With A Burning Message: "Hear the word of the Lord." If man is God's agent in revival, the word is God's instrument, and that word is compared to a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces. As I have often said, that is the word we must preach with passionate, personal conviction. It is the word of the Cross, the word of separation, the word of cleansing and the word of judgment. Is there not a need today to proclaim the word of judgment? Read more of Campbells' Instruments of Revival....
"The secret of the success of the Apostles lay, not in what they did and said, but in the presence of Christ in them and with them. They saw with the eyes of Christ, felt with His heart, and worked with His energies. They were nothing, Christ was everything. Christ was living, breathing, and triumphing in their personal lives. Their entire nature being replete with His light, and their souls kindled with the fires of His love, they moved in the midst of men as embodiments of supernatural power." Read the rest of Griffith John's powerful thoughts on what made the apostles such power-filled Christians
Robert Evans The Welsh Revival
"….Within a month he felt compelled to share this message of the reality of God and the possibility of complete forgiveness of sins with his home youth group at Moriah Loughor.
Summing up the message in 4 parts, Evan pressed home to the astonished church the need to...
1. Confess all known sin.
2. Make any known wrongs right.
3. Lay aside anything ‘doubtful’ in one's life.
3. Be quick to obey the Holy Spirit.
4. Confess Christ publicly.
By the end of the first week over 60 responded. By the end of the second week Evan had already started on a whirl-wind tour of the South Wales valleys with his team of 5 girl singers and within a year or so 100,000 converts were said to be added to the Welsh Church…."
"Now it does appear to me that we who are ministers, instead of looking abroad and searching for the fundamental difficulty beyond and out of ourselves, should see that whatever else may be an occasion of the great falling off and decline in revivals, our own spiritual state is certainly one, if not the primary and fundamental, reason of this decline. Want of personal holiness, unction, power in prayer, and in preaching the Word, the want of holy living and consecration to the work of self-denial, and energetic effort in the ministry, -these, no doubt, are the principal reasons why revivals are so few and far between, and of so superficial character at the present day." Read more of Why So Few Revivals?
In 1858 in great cities and small towns all over America, people were assembling every night for prayer. In fact, you could travel by horse and buggy from Omaha, Nebraska to Washington, D.C. and expect to ﬁnd churches packed for prayer wherever you might stop for the night. This prayer movement began in the fall of 1857 and was known as the Layman’s Prayer Revival because there were businessmen (rather than ministers) who were leading.
Samuel Prime Prime wrote a very helpful book on the prayer revival of 1857. I have added a few excerpts below.
The Power of Prayer Meeting pdf to download This description of one of the prayer meetings provides helpful information for those wanting to do the same.
The Origins of the Prayer Revival pdf to download The chapter describes how the prayer revival began. Much to learn here as well.
Conscious of their utter helplessness, and feeling their absolute dependence upon God for power, they were compelled to tarry in prayer. But they knew that they were not tarrying in vain; for He had said: "Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, He will give it you." They used the name of Jesus, and put their supplications into His golden censer; their prayers ascended to the throne of the Father, authorized and accredited by the name of the only-begotten Son ; and Pentecost crowned their devotion. This is what the Apostles did, and this is what we must do. Prayer is the indispensable condition.
"When the beggar, at the door, has said, ‘Give me a morsel of bread!’ he does not immediately go away, but waits; and if he is left to stand long, he repeats his request, again and again, until he has really received what he desires. And although he be refused, yet he continues to beg, and does not move until he be attended to. So ought we also to act. We must stand at the door of God’s grace, and wait, until we have received what we ask for...." Read More
"One thing is certain: the Evangelical Revival originated in prayer; and another thing is certain: the mighty force by which it was borne along came through prayer. I now ask—Is the time not ripe for a renewal of the covenant of prayer, with wider inclusions? Do not all things point in the direction, and proclaim the duty—the spiritual condition of the Churches, and the needs of a world providentially prepared and open in all its regions to the Gospel? Is not the call to prayer the loudest of God’s calls today? Oh, what things would happen were there union among God’s people everywhere in prayer at the end of this century, and at the beginning of the next! What a power of God would come upon and into the Churches! And how the mighty evils that abound, and that bafﬂe and defy us now, would be conquered and cast out, and the evangelization of the nations of the earth, in a little while, become an accomplished fact!"
"Is there any reason why the Church today cannot everywhere equal the Church at Pentecost? I feel that this is a question that we ought to face with an open mind and an honest heart. What did the early Church have that we do not possess today? Nothing but the Holy Spirit, nothing but the power of God. Here I would suggest that one of the main secrets of success in the early Church lay in the fact that the early believers believed in UNCTION FROM ON HIGH, AND NOT ENTERTAINMENT FROM MEN. One of the very sad features that characterizes much that goes under the name of evangelism today is the craze for entertainment." Read more of Campbell's Price and Power of Revival
"There was at least one man on that island who fulﬁlled the conditions of that one passage of Scripture, and because he fulﬁlled the conditions, God, being a covenant-keeping God, must be true to His covenant engagements. And God, to vindicate His own honor, had to listen to the prayers of the parish postman who knelt in a barn for a day." Read all of this sermon Top
"Our generation has been programmed to pursue happiness, wholeness, good feelings about ourselves, positive self-image, affirmation, and cures for our hurt feelings and damaged psyches. But God is not as interested in these ends as we are. He is more committed to making us holy than making us happy. And there is only one pathway to holiness--one road to genuine revival--and that is the pathway of humility or brokenness." Read more on Brokeness...
"Dr A. T. Pierson once said, ‘There has never been a spiritual awakening in any country or locality that did not begin in united prayer.’ Let me recount what God has done through concerted, united, sustained prayer.... What do we mean by extraordinary prayer? We share ordinary prayer in regular worship services, before meals, and the like. But when people are found getting up at six in the morning to pray, or having a half night of prayer until midnight, or giving up their lunch time to pray at noonday prayer meetings, that is extraordinary prayer. It must be united and concerted." Read more on revival and prayer
“Again and again he read the passage over, dwelling on the parts I have italicized. So evident was his emotion, the children became hushed and gathered about us, sensing something unusual. At last, my husband said, “It simply means this: the spiritual laws governing a spiritual harvest are as real and tangible as the laws governing the natural harvest.” Then, solemnly, almost as if making a vow,-If Finney is right, and I believe he is, I am going to find out what these spiritual laws are and obey them, no matter what the cost may be.” Read More
William Sprague: Treatment Due Young Believers "Every revival of religion is dependent for its good effect, in no small degree, upon the course which is adopted with those who are professedly its subjects. Whether the effect of a revival is to be that the purity of the church shall be increased, as well as its numbers, or that with what is truly good it is to receive a large amount of dross and chaff ... depends, in no small degree, upon the instruction and counsel they receive, while they are yet babes in Christ." Read the rest of Sprague's helpful chapter on instructing young believers in revival
Charles Finney: Revival at Evans' Mills "The practice had been, I believe, universal, to set anxious sinners to praying for a new heart, and to using means for their own conversion. The directions they received cither assumed or implied that they were very willing to be Christians, and were taking much pains to persuade God to convert them. I tried to make them understand that God was using the means with them, and not they with Him; that God was willing, and they were unwilling; that God was ready, and they were not ready. In short, I tried to shut them up to present 'faith and repentance, as the thing which God required of them, present and instant submission to his will, present and instant acceptance of Christ. I tried to show them that all delay was only an evasion of present duty; that all praying for a new heart, was only trying to throw the responsibility of their conversion upon God; and that all efforts to do duty, while they did not give their hearts to God, were hypocritical and delusive." Read more about the revival at Evans' Mills
A. T. Pierson: What Hinders Revival “The writer has personally never had a profounder conviction than now, that the Holy Spirit of God has not full liberty in the churches, and that neither Britain nor America will ever be ready for any such ‘national revival’ so long as the churches continue to be content with such artiﬁcial and superﬁcial methods of worship. A true preparation is ﬁrst of all needed within the church. We need to abandon eloquent sermons in the pulpit, and artistic choirs in worship, and to cease ﬁlling church ofﬁces with men without regard to spirituality, simply because they have achieved business success, or professional prominence, or are in high social positions.” Read the rest of A.T. Pierson on What Hinders Revival
J. C. Harrison "In times of revival we must take care that the elevation of our practical life corresponds with the elevation of our feeling; because at such times the eye of the world is eagerly turned on the proceedings of the Church. Much thought is awakened, discriminating observations are made, the character of the work is narrowly scanned, the lives of professors are keenly watched. Now, if strong feeling is unaccompanied by corresponding effects on practice; if members of Churches talk with unction on religious subjects, delight in religious services, and yet fail to exhibit the holy fruits of religion; if temper is not sweetened, integrity and truthfulness are not maintained, love and gentleness are not manifested, inconsistencies are not cast off, and besetting sins are not conquered,-then will the world not only pour contempt on the particular movement, but will form an erroneous opinion of the scriptural idea of religion itself." Read the rest of the article
These chapters come from Gordon's book, The Ministry of the Spirit. This was one of four books which Jonathan Goforth, revivalist to Korea and China, mentions as having read when preparing for his revival ministry.
"The church must die daily in fulfillment of the crucified life of her Head, as well as live daily in the manifestation of his glorified life. This italicized sentence, which we take from a recent book, is worthy to be made a golden text for Christians: “The Church is Christian no more than as it is the organ of the continuous passion of Christ." To sympathize, in the literal sense of suffering with our sinning and lost humanity, is not only the duty of the church, but the absolutely essential condition to her true manifestation of her Lord." Read the rest of this chapter
"God is very jealous of his divine signet. He graciously bestows it upon those who are ready to devote themselves utterly and irrevocably to his service, but he strenuously withholds it from those who, while professing his name, are yet 'serving divers lusts and pleasures.'"
"God is very jealous of his divine signet. He graciously bestows it upon those who are ready to devote themselves utterly and irrevocably to his service, but he strenuously withholds it from those who, while professing his name, are yet 'serving divers lusts and pleasures.'"
John Smith John Smith was a Methodist Circuit Rider who accomplished much as a result of his prayers. The book Caloused Knees is well worth reading!
Seek the Holy Spirit
"Be in the will of God: Know that you are in it fully,—constantly. Perhaps you will have to spend hours on your knees, or upon your face before the throne. Never mind; wait! God will do great things for you, if you will yield to him, and co-operate with him. O play the man! Dwell in the clear light. I am hoping that God will make you a great blessing: but you must be a burning and shining light. The fire must come from heaven:—you have free access. Nelson says to me,- ' Remember, men must be saved First.' Be determined not to rest, unless souls get into clear liberty. We have a deal to say to them, but they must be saved. O what numbers among us are not clear in pardon! Let us agonize to get them into liberty. Maintain simplicity. If you spend several hours in prayer daily, you will see great things. I long for you. I do not cease to pray for you. You and your family are closely connected with my mercies: when I think of them, I think of you; so that as long as I have piety, I shall not forget you. I am resting on the atonement and intercession of Jesus. God gives himself to me. His Spirit is in me. O what rest is connected with an indwelling God! The abominations of the people around me fill me with grief. I can only find relief in the mercy and power of God, and in the merits of Christ. Many of our people are very ignorant of the way of faith. When the power of God is mightily upon them, they do not lay hold of what they want. Until there be a taking hold of God, we cannot expect much signal work." (Read more from John Smith)
F. B. Meyer
F. B. Meyer was a English preacher and much loved speaker at the annual Keswick Conventions.
Prayer and the Holy Spirit
"You and I often fail in our faith because of ignorance and besetting sin (Heb 12:1). There is the mighty ocean of power all around us, but for some reason we cannot tap it. It is like the electric current, which refuses to help us unless we have instruments precisely adapted to transmit the driving-power. Faith is absolutely necessary for the conveyance of God's power to meet the need and sin and sorrow of the world (He 11:6-). But when we find it deficient, when our heart believes not, when we find ourselves face to face with Jerichos that are closely shut, and with mountains that seem to mock the tiny levers with which we propose to move them, then we must turn to Christ and say: "I trust Thee for faith, I trust Thee to keep me trusting: I believe, help Thou mine unbelief."
McConkey is little known, but his books are among the best on walking with Jesus. This excerpt comes from what some people believe was the best book ever written on the Holy Spirit.
Three-Fold Secret of the Holy Spirit
"THE ABSOLUTE, UNQUALIFIED SURRENDER OF OUR LIFE TO GOD, TO DO HIS WILL INSTEAD OF OUR OWN. Thus, 1. When we SURRENDER OUR SINS and believe, we RECEIVE the Holy Spirit; when we SURRENDER OUR LIVES and believe, we are FILLED with the Holy Spirit. 2. THE RECEIVING of the Spirit is God’s answer to repentance and faith; THE FULLNESS of the Spirit is God’s answer to SURRENDER and faith. 3. At CONVERSION the Spirit enters; at SURRENDER the Spirit, ALREADY ENTERED, takes FULL POSSESSION. The supreme, human condition of the fullness of the Spirit is a life that is WHOLLY SURRENDERED TO GOD to do His will."
"I believe that the remedy for the existing state of things is a return to primitive conditions. Let the church be on an apostolic basis, with godly men in her ministry, converted people in her choirs, godly elders and deacons, and a discipline that dares to exclude from the Lord's table people who bring reproach on Christ by their inconsistent conduct in the face of the world. Give us such a church as that, and the whole question of missions will be solved." Read the rest of this sermon
Charles Spurgeon The Personality of the Holy Spirit
"Let me take you to the baptismal font, where believers put on the name of the Lord Jesus, and you shall hear me pronounce the solemn words, “I baptize thee in the name,”-mark, “in the name,” not names-”of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” Every one who is baptized according to the true form laid down in Scripture, must be a Trinitarian: otherwise his baptism is a farce and a lie, and he himself is found a deceiver and a hypocrite before God."
"We must, however, not only yield up ourselves but also become, in deed and in truth, God's property, so that Jesus Christ, by His precious and Holy Spirit, may really take possession of us, according to the right He has most sacredly obtained over us, and henceforth be able to fix His abode with us. "Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?"
"As soon as an individual. . . yields and devotes himself sincerely and to the best of his knowledge to Christ--from that hour, from that moment, the Holy Spirit takes possession of such a heart to work upon it by His gracious operation. He prepares it for a holy temple of God, and carries this on continually during the whole course of our lives. By increasing and daily progress in sanctification and the renewing of the heart, He takes ever closer and more complete possession of the hearts of believers, whilst delivering them more and more, by His gracious operation, from all evil, and making them partakers of the divine nature."
"(Being filled) does not mean to have a measure of the Holy Spirit, and to know a good deal of Christ, but to be wholly filled with, and possessed by, the Holy Ghost, and utterly lost in the life and fullness of Jesus. ..."
"This is the paradox of grace. We never can be filled until we have room for God. Every great blessing begins with a great sacrifice, a great severance, a great dispossessing. 'He brought them out that He might bring them in.'"
“When the (Holy Pentecostal Spirit) enters into the heart, he fills it entirely, so that the world finds no more room or place in it, because this guest, makes himself sole Lord and Master of it. The first disciples and believers were so entirely taken possession of by this blissful dominion of the Pentecostal Spirit, that they were no longer master of their own tongues or any other member, but were compelled as it were, to speak, even as the Spirit gave them utterance. They could no longer speak, according to their own judgment, knowledge, and learning. No! they were constrained to do and speak as the Holy Spirit would have them. Thus it fares with everyone, with whom the Holy Spirit takes up his residence; he then experiences the blissful dominion of our Lord Jesus Christ in his heart...."
“When the heart is emptied of self, it will be ready for the baptism of the Holy Spirit, and then you will be fitted to strengthen the sheep and lambs of the flock of Christ; for self will be hid with Christ in God. The Spirit of Christ will be manifested in your daily life.” Read the rest of this sermon
Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled "Christ has promised the gift of the Holy Spirit to His church, and the promise belongs to us as much as to the ﬁrst disciples. But like every other promise, it is given on conditions. There are many who believe and profess to claim the Lord’s promise; they talk about Christ and about the Holy Spirit, yet receive no beneﬁt. They do not surrender the soul to be guided and controlled by the divine agencies. We cannot use the Holy Spirit. The Spirit is to use us. Through the Spirit God works in His people “to will and to do of His good pleasure.” Phil. 2:13. But many will not submit to this. They want to manage themselves. This is why they do not receive the heavenly gift. Only to those who wait humbly upon God, who watch for His guidance and grace, is the Spirit given. The power of God awaits their demand and reception. This promised blessing, claimed by faith, brings all other blessings in its train. It is given according to the riches of the grace of Christ, and He is ready to supply every soul according to the capacity to receive." Read the rest of the chapter
Duncan Campell was a Scottish preacher who played a key role in that took place in the Scottish Hebrides, sometimes also referred to as the Lewis Awakening. He began walking witih God through the work of "pilgrims" of the Faith Mission in 1913. He later served as a pastor in other churches, but eventually returned to the Faith Mission 1949, working in Skye. Eventually Cambpell accepted a call to come to the Hebrides Islands, a call prompted by the prayers of two gaelic-speaking sisters in their 80s who had been praying for revival. Almost immediately upon arriving, God began working in a special way, and scores of people experienced spiritual renewal. As a result of his personal experience with these revival experiences, he began to speak much on the subject of revival. In later life he led a training school for the Faith Mission in Edinburgh. He was known as a man of much prayer. Duncan Campbell was outspoken on two aspects of the Holy Spirit during his ministry that caused many to come and hear him, and drove others away. The first aspect being that a true revival was a move of God that affected not only church members but the surrounding community in a way that was visible to all parties concerned (work stopping, bars closing, crime ceasing, etc). The second aspect of God he preached on was the definite experience of the baptism of the Holy Ghost subsequent to conversion, that was often seen to transform a pastor's efforts from meager to community-changing. His sermons offer much food for thought!
Nancy is the host and teacher for Revive Our Hearts, a nationally syndicated radio program for women, heard each weekday on approximately 500 outlets. Since 1980, Nancy has served on the staff of Life Action Ministries, a revival ministry, based in Niles, Michigan. Until 2001, she served as the Director Women's Ministries and as the editor of Spirit of Revival magazine. A graduate of the University of Southern California, she has written many books, including, A Place of Quiet Rest; Lies Women Believe; A Companion Guide to Lies Women Believe; 30-Day Walk with God in the Psalms; Brokenness: The Heart God Revives; Surrender: The Heart God Controls; Holiness: The Heart God Purifies; she is also the general editor of Biblical Womanhood in the Home.
Charles Gradison Finney (August 29, 1792 – August 16, 1875), often called "America's foremost revivalist," was a major leader of the Second Great Awakening in America, which had a great impact on the social history of the United States. Born in Warren, Connecticut as the youngest of seven children, Finney had humble beginnings. His parents were farmers and Finney himself never attended college. However, his six foot two inch stature, piercing blue eyes, musical skill, and leadership abilities gained him good standing in his community. He studied as an apprentice to become a lawyer, but after a dramatic conversion experience in Adams, New York at the age of 29, Finney became a minister in the Presbyterian Church. Finney moved to New York City in 1832 where he pastored the Free Presbyterian Chatham Street Chapel and later founded and pastored the Broadway Tabernacle, known today as Broadway United Church of Christ. Finney's logical, clear presentation of his Gospel message reached thousands and promised renewing power and the love of Jesus. Some historians estimate his preaching led to the conversion of over 500,000 people.
Finney was known for his innovations in preaching and conducting religious meetings, such as allowing women to pray in public and the development of the "anxious bench," a place where those considering becoming Christians could come to receive prayer. Finney was also known for his use of extemporaneous preaching. In addition to being a successful Christian evangelist, Finney was involved with the abolitionist movement and frequently denounced slavery from the pulpit. Beginning in the 1830s, he denied communion to slaveholders in his churches. Prior to his conversion, he had been (as most lawyers of the time were) a Freemason, but became a staunch opponent of Masonry, and wrote an extensive book attacking it, entitled "The Character, Claims, and Practical Workings of Freemasonry".
In 1835, he moved to Ohio where he would become a professor, and later President of Oberlin College from 1851 – 1866. Oberlin was a major cultivation ground for the early movement to end slavery, and among the first American colleges to coeducate blacks and women with white men.
His Memoires are a must read when studying revival!
The Reverend Jonathan Goforth was the first Canadian Presbyterian missionary to China with the Canadian Presbyterian Mission, with his wife, Rosalind (Bell-Smith) Goforth. Jonathan Goforth became the foremost missionary revivalist in early 20th century China and helped to establish revivalism as a major element in Protestant China missions. (Wiki)
John Greenfield, the son of a pioneer minister who came to the United States from Denmark, was a Moravian pastor, who was widely known for his zeal in evangelism and his knowledge of Moravian hymns. He wrote this "must read" book to commemorate the 200th Anniversary of the Moravian Revival (August 13, 1727). This book recounts the wonderful way that God brought the contentious Moravians into unity and the power of the Holy Spirit through prayer and the personal intervention of their leader Count Nicholas Zinzendorf.
"We must be men, strangers to no legitimate interest and pursuit. We must create an atmosphere in which the beautiful as well as the good and the true will ﬁnd their healthy growth, in and for God. But, as had been well said, “the natural man must be changed into a spiritual man, before the spiritual man can afford to be natural.” A Christianity of that type, self-renouncing, loving, pure, bold, and beautiful, will not be without its attraction and inﬂuence upon the world, especially upon the young."
J. Edwin Orr (January 15, 1912-April 1987) was a Baptist minister, lecturer and author. Of him, Billy Graham wrote: “Dr. J. Edwin Orr, in my opinion, is one of the greatest authorities on the history of religious revivals in the Protestant world. He was influential in the Campus Crusade for Christ and was one of the five original board members of that organization. He wrote numerous books, many of them histories of evangelical revivals, and authored a number of hymns. (Wiki)
Arthur Pierson (March 6, 1837 - June 3, 1911) was an American Presbyterian pastor, early fundamentalist leader, and writer who preached over 13,000 sermons, wrote over ﬁfty books, and gave Bible lectures as part of a transatlantic preaching ministry that made him famous in Scotland and England. He was a friend of D. L. Moody, George Mller (whose biography ‘George Müller of Bristol’ he wrote), Adoniram Judson Gordon, and C. H. Spurgeon, whom he succeeded in the pulpit of the Metropolitan Tabernacle, London, from 1891 to 1893. Throughout his career, Pierson ﬁlled several pulpit positions around the world as an urban pastor who cared passionately for the poor.—Wiki
HMS Richards was the found and speaker of the Voice of Prophecy broadcast. He was not only a pioneer in the field of radio, but was a deeply spiritual man who loved the Lord and brought thousands to know God through evangelistic meetings and the radio broadcast.
William Buell Sprague (1795-1876) was an American Congregational and Presbyterian clergyman and compiler of Annals of the American Pulpit (nine volumes, 1857–1869), a comprehensive biographical dictionary of the leading American Protestant Christian ministers who died before 1850, and other books. His Lectures on Revival is considered one of the best books on revival (sharing top rank with Charles Finney's book of the same title). He was also a collector of documents and tracts, and was the first to collect all the autographs of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence.